Everett Ai, MD

Dr. Ai sees patients at this West Coast Retina office locations:

San Francisco

1445 Bush Street

San Francisco, CA  94109

415-972-4600

415-975-0999 (Fax)

Curriculum Vitae

 

Work Address

West Coast Retina Medical Group

1445 Bush Street

San Francisco, CA 94109

 

Education

Medical School:   State University of New York, Upstate Medical Center :1971-1975

 

Post Doctoral Training

Internship:

Northwestern University Medical Center: 1975-1976

Ophthalmology Residency: Northwestern University Medical Center: 1976-1979

Fellowship:

Pacific Medical Center: 1979-80

Vitreoretinal Surgery, St. Luke’s Hospital, Case Western Reserve, July-Dec, 1981

Fellow in Ultrasonography, University of Iowa, June-July, 1980

 

Licensure and Board Certification

California

Diplomat, American Academy Board of Ophthalmology

 

Academic & Administrative Appointments

Assistant Professor,  Department of Ophthalmology (1980-1981)

Northwestern University

Chicago, Illinois

 

Director, Ophthalmology Residency Program (1980-1981)

Northwestern University

Chicago, Illinois

 

Director, Division of Clinical Echography (1980-1981)

Northwestern University

Chicago, Illinois

 

Assistant Clinical Professor (1983-2000)

University of California

Berkeley, California

 

Director, Ophthalmic Diagnostic Center (1983-Present)

California Pacific Medical Center

San Francisco, California

 

Memberships

Society of Heed Fellows

Vitreous Society

American Academy of Ophthalmology

Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology

International Society for Ophthalmic Ultrasound

American Association of Ophthalmology

California Association of Ophthalmology

California Medical Association

Pacific Coast OtoOphthalmologic Society

San Francisco Medical Society

 

Publications

 

  1. Ai E:  The cherry red spot.  Perspectives in Ophthalmology 3:129139, 1979
  2. Cavender JC, Ai E:  Hereditary macular dystrophies.
  3. In Duane TD (ed): Clinical Ophthalmology. Hagerstown, Harper & Row 1980
  4. Ai E, Cavender JC:  Elucidating exudates.
  5. Resident and Staff Physician 26:32, 1980
  6. Wong K, Ai E, Jones JV, Young D:  Lupus erythematosus retinopathy. American Journal of Ophthalmology 92:238244, 1981
  7. Gardner TW, Ai E, Chrobak M, Shoch DE:  Photic maculopathy secondary to short-circuiting of a hightension electric current.  Ophthalmology 89:865868, 1982
  8. Singerman LJ, Wong B, Ai E, Smith S: Spontaneous visual improvement in the first affected eye of patients with bilateral disciform scars.  Retina 5:135143, 1985
  9. Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study Research Group:  Photocoagulation for diabetic macular edema.  Archives of Ophthalmology 103:17961806, 1985
  10. Ai E:  Cytomegalovirus retinitis. Transactions of the Pacific Coast OtoOphthalmologic Society, 1986
  11. Ai E, Steinmetz R:  Aging and the retina. Geriatric Ophthalmology 3:833, 1987
  12. Adams JA, Zisman F, Ai E, Bresnick G:  Macular edema reduces B cone sensitivity in diabetics.  Optics, February, 1987
  13. Ai E, Coonan P:  The treatment of diabetic retinopathy.  Annual Review of Medicine 38:279286, 1987
  14. Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study Research Group:  Treatment techniques and clinical guide-lines for photocoagulation of diabetic macular edema: Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study report No. 2.  Ophthalmology 94:761774, 1987
  15. Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study Research Group:  Techniques for scatter and local photocoagulation treatment of diabetic retinopathy:
  16. Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study Report.  No. 3.  International Ophthalmology Clinics 27:254264, 1987
  17. Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study Research Group: Early treatment diabetic  retinopathy study report.  No. 4. International Ophthalmology Clinics  27:265 272, 1987
  18. Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study Research Group:  Case reports to accompany Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study Reports 3 and 4. International Ophthalmology Clinics 27:273334, 1987
  19. Ai E, Wong KL:  Ophthalmic manifestations of AIDS. Ophthalmology Clinics of North America 1:5361, 1988
  20. Shields WKM, Ai E, Fujikawa L:  Management of CMV retinitis.  Ophthalmology Clinics of North America Vol. 1 No. 1, 1988
  21. Ai E, Ferris FL:  The early treatment of diabetic retinopathy.  The Diabetes Educator 14:421424, 1988
  22. Ai E, Demartini D, Lieberman M:  Anatomy of theo cular globe.  Stanford University Basic Science Course Manual, 1989
  23. Kinyoun J et al:  Detection of diabetic macular edema.  Ophthalmology 96:746751, 1989
  24. Ai E, Coonan P:  Albinism.  In Gold DH and Weingeist TA (eds.):  The Eye in Systemic Disease. J.B. Lippincott 1990
  25. Ai E:  Ophthalmology Epitome:  Current recommendations for the treatment of diabetic  eye disease.  The Western Journal of Medicine 153:190, 1990.
  26. Caskey P, Ai E:  Posterior segment manifestations of AIDS. In Ai E and Freeman WR (eds.):  New Developments in Retinal Disease.  W.B. Saunders, 1990
  27. Coonan P, Ai E:  The early treatment of diabetic retinopathy.  In Ai E and Freeman WR (eds.):  New  Developments in Retinal Disease.  W.B. Saunders, 1990
  28. Ai E: Update on AIDS: Infections of the retina and choroid.  Transactions of the Pacific Coast Oto-Ophthalmological Society 71:50-52, 1990
  29. Ai E, Freeman W (eds.):  New Developments in Retinal Disease.  Ophthalmology Clinics of North America. W.B. Saunders, 1990
  30. Ai E:  Infections of the retina and choroid.  Transactions of the Pacific Coast OtoOphthalmologic Society, 1990
  31. Kelly MP, Ai E:  Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and the ophthalmic photographer.  Journal of Ophthalmic Photography 12:7375, 1990
  32. Lee S, Ai E, Lowe M, Wang T: Bilateral macular holes in sporadic posterior microphthalmos.  Retina 10:185188, 1990
  33. Caskey P, Ai E:  Ophthalmic manifestations of AIDS. Ophthalmic Practice 8:231238, 1990
  34. Ai E, "Ocular manifestations of AIDS".  In San Francisco General Hospital AIDS Knowledgebase: Computer Data Base. Philip T. Cohen, Merle A. Sandig, Paul Volberding, eds.  Waltham Mass., Massachusetts Medical Society, 1991
  35. Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study Research Group:  Early treatment diabetic retinopathy study design and baseline patient characteristics:  ETDRS Report Number 7. Ophthalmology 98:741-756, 1991
  36. Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study ResearchGroup:  Effects of aspirin treatment on diabetic retinopathy: ETDRS Report Number 8, Ophthalmology 98:757-765, 1991
  37. Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study Research Group:  Early photocoagulation for diabetic retinopathy:  ETDRS Report Number 9,  Ophthalmology 98:766-785, 1991
  38. Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study Research Group:  Grading diabetic retinopathy from stereoscopic color fundus photographs--an extension of the modified airlie house classification:  ETDRS Report Number 10, Ophthalmology 98:786-806, 1991
  39. Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study Research Group:  Classification of diabetic retinopathy from fluorescein angiograms: ETDRS Report Number 11, Ophthalmology 98:807-822, 1991
  40. Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study Research Group:  Fundus photographic risk factors for  progression of diabetic retinopathy:  ETDRS Report  Number 12, Ophthalmology 98:823-833, 1991
  41. Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study Research Group:  Fluorescein angiographic risk factors for progression of diabetic retinopathy:  ETDRS Report Number 13, Ophthalmology 98:834-840, 1991
  42. Shami MJ, Freeman W, Friedberg D, Siderides E, Listhaus A, Ai E:  A multicenter study of Pneumocystis choroidopathy.  Am J Ophthalmol 112:15-22, 1991
  43. Ai E: Early treatment of diabetic retinopathy.Transactions of the Pacific Coast Oto-Ophthalmological Society.  72:108-109, 1991
  44. Lee S, Ai E:  Disc neovascularization in Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. Retina 11:305-308, 1991
  45. Chew EY, Williams GA, Burton TC, Barton FB, Ramaley NA, Ferris FL, Early Treatment Diabetic RetinopathyStudy Research Group:  Aspirin effects on the development of cataracts in patients with diabetes mellitus:  ETDRS Study Report 16. Arch Ophthalmol 110:339-342, 1992
  46. Ai E:  The current management of diabetic retinopathy.  Western Journal of Medicine 157:67-70, 1992
  47. Ai, E:  Infectious viral and opportunistic retinitis.  In Freeman W (ed.):  Practical Atlas of Retinal Disease and Therapy.  Raven Press, 1992
  48. Ai E:  Laser therapy for diabetic retinopathy.Freeman W (ed.):  Practical Atlas of Retinal Disease and Therapy.  Raven Press, 1992
  49. Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study Research Group:  Aspirin effects on mortality and morbidity in patients with diabetes mellitus.  JAMA 268:1292-1300, 1992
  50. Ai E, Lee S:  Multifocal choroidopathies.  In Katz B (ed.):  Ophthalmology Clinics of North America, W.B. Saunders, 1992
  51. Flynn HW, Chew EY, Simons BD, Barton FB, Remaley NA, Ferris FL, The Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study Research Group:  Pars plana vitrectomy in the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study:  ETDRS Report Number 17, Ophthalmology 99:1351-1357, 1992
  52. Goldberg M, Ai E, Boyce W, Kazacos K, Katz B:  DUSN: Epidemiological documentation of Bayliascarisinfestation of the raccoon population of northernCalifornia.  Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science 33:743, 1992
  53. Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study ResearchGroup:  Aspirin effects on mortality and morbidity in patients with diabetes mellitus:  Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study Report 14
  54. Ai E, Gardner TW:  Current patterns of intraocular gas use in North America.  Arch Ophthalmol 111:331-332, 199
  55. Mann E, Katz B,  Ai E: Electrophysiologic Correlates of HIV Retinopathy.  Invest. Opth. Vis. Sci. 34:1107, 1993
  56. Luckie AP, Ai E:  Diagnosis and management of cytomegalovirus (CMV) in AIDS.  In Brown G (ed.): Current Opinion in Ophthalmology (In Press)
  57. Goldberg MA, Kazacos KR, Boyce WM, Ai E, Katz B: Diffuse unilateral subacute neuroretinitis. Ophthalmology 100:1695-1701, 1993
  58. Luckie AP, Ai E, Fung W: Perfluorocarbon in the treatment of giant retinal tear [letter]. Ophthalmology 100:581, 1993
  59. Ai E, Luckie AP: Manifestations of HIV infection in the Eye.  In: The AIDS Knowledge Database, ed. Clement M, Cohen P, Gerberding J et al.  Second Edition, Little Brown and Company, 1993
  60. Shami MJ, Ai E, Haugen JP: RPE tear secondary to hypotony and a large choroidal detachment after filtration surgery: report of a case. Middle East Journal of Ophthalmology 2:21, 1994
  61. Luckie A, Ai E, Del Piero E: Acute progressive zonal outer retinitis. Am J Ophthalmol 118:583-588, 1994
  62. McCann JD, Margolis TP, Wong MG, Kuppermann BD, Luckie A, Schwartz DM, Ai E: A sensitive and specific polymerase chain reaction based assay for the diagnosis of CMV retinitis
  63. Chew EY, Klein ML, Murphy RP, et al: Effects of aspirin on vitreous/preretinal hemorrhage in patients with diabetes mellitus.  Arch Ophthalmol 113:52-55, 1995
  64. Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study Research Group: Focal photocoagulation treatment of diabetic macular edema: ETDRS Report No. 19. Arch Ophthalmol 113:1144-1155, 1995
  65. Braun CI, Benson WE, Remaley NA, Chew EY, Ferris FL: The Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study Research Group: Accommodative amplitudes in the early treatment diabetic retinopathy study: ETDRS Report No. 21. Retina 15:275, 1995
  66. Chew EY, Klein ML, Ferris III FL, et al: The Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study Research Group: Association of elevated serum lipid levels with retinal hard exudate in diabetic retinopathy: ETDRS Report No. 22. Arch Ophthalmol 114:1079-1084, 1996
  67. Ai E, Ahmed I (eds.): AIDS and Ophthalmology: New Solutions. W.B. Saunders, 1997
  68. Fung DS, Segal PP, Myers F, Ferris FL, Hubbard LD, Davis MD, The Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study Research Group: Subretinal fibrosis in diabetic macular edema: ETDRS Report 23. Arch Ophthalmol 115:873-877, 1997
  69. Johnson RJ, McDonald RM, Schatz H, Ai E. Outpatient postoperative fluid-gas exchange after early failed vitrectomy surgery for macular hole. Ophthalmology 104:2009-2013, 1997
  70. Cunningham,  ET, Jr, McDonald HR, Schatz H, Johnson RN, Ai E, Grand MG: Inflammatory mass of the optic nerve head associated with systemic Bartonella henselae infection [Case Report]. Archives of Ophthalmology 115:1596-1597, 1997
  71. Ai E: Ocular manifestations of AIDS. In: Cohen PT, Sande M, Volberding PA (eds.): The AIDS Knowledge Base, third edition 1998
  72. Ahmed I, McDonald HR, Schatz H, Johnson RN, Ai E, et al. Crystalline retinopathy associated with chronic retinal detachment. Archives of Ophthalmology 116:1449-1453, 1998
  73. Meffert SA, Ai E: [letter] Laser photocoagulation prophylaxis for cytomegalovirus retinal detachments. Ophthalmology 105:1353-1355, 1998
  74. Amin H, McDonald HR, Han DP, Jaffe GJ, Ai E et al. Vitrectomy update for macular traction in ocular toxocariasis. Retina 20:80-85, 2000
  75. Amin HI, Ai E, McDonald HR, Johnson RN. Retinal toxic effects associated with intravitreal fomivirsen. Arch Ophthalmol 118:426-427, 2000
  76. Horn EP, McDonald HR, Johnson RN, Ai E, et al: Soccer ball-related retinal injuries: A report of 13 cases. RETINA 20:604-609,2000
  77. Pollack AL, McDonald HR, Ai E, Johnson RN. Crystalline Retinopathies: A Guide to Differential Diagnosis. Rev Ophthalmol 7:107-112, 2000
  78. Johnson RN, Schatz H, McDonald HR, Ai E. Fluorescein Angiography: Basic Principles and Interpretation. In Retina (3rd ed), Mosby, Inc., St. Louis, Chapter 55: 2001:875-942.
  79. Schatz H, McDonald HR, Johnson RN, Ai E. Geographic Helicoid Peripapillary Choroidopathy (Serpiginous Choroiditis). In Retina (3rd ed), Mosby, Inc., St. Louis, Chapter 107:1746-1755, 2001.
  80. McDonald HR, Johnson RN, Ai E, Schatz H. Macular Epiretinal Membranes. In: Retina (3rd ed), Mosby, Inc., St. Louis, Chapter 151:2531-2546, 2001.
  81. Pollack AL, McDonald HR, Ai E, Green WR, Halpern LS, et al. Sympathetic Ophthalmic Associated with Pars Plana Vitrectomy without Antecedent Penetrating Trauma. RETINA 21:146-154, 2001.
  82. Pollack AL, Ai E, Johnson RN, McDonald HR. Current Management of Cytomegalovirus Retinitis. Comprehensive Ophthalmology Update 2:25-36, 2001.
  83. Pollack AL, McDonald HR, Ai E, Johnson RN, Dugel PU, et al. Massive Suprachoroidal Hemorrhage During Pars Plana Vitrectomy Associated with Valsalva Maneuver. Am J Ophthalmol 132:383-387, 2001.
  84. Fu AD, McDonald HR, Eliott D, Fuller DG, Halperin LS, Ramsay RC, Johnson RN, Ai E. Complications of General Anesthesia Using Nitrous Oxide in Eyes with Preexisting Gas Bubbles. Retina 22:569-574, 2002.
  85. Pollack AL, McDonald HR, Johnson RN, Ai E, Irvine AR, et al. Peripheral Retinoschisis and Exudative Retinal Detachment in Pars Planitis. Retina 22:719-724, 2002.
  86. Johnson RN, McDonald HR, Ai E, Jumper JM. Camera artifacts producing the false impression of growth of choroidal melanocytic lesions. Am J Ophthalmol 135;711-713, 2003.
  87. Yang SS, Fu AD, McDonald HR, Johnson RN, Ai E. Massive Spontaneous Choroidal Hemorrhage. Retina 23:139-144, 2003.
  88. Fu AD, McDonald HR, Jumper JM, Aaberg TM Sr, Smiddy WE, Robertson JE, Johnson RN, Ai E. Recurrent Vitreous Hemorrhage after Sutured Posterior Chamber Intraocular Lenses. Retina 24:193-198, 2004.
  89. Fu AD, Ai E, McDonald HR, Johnson RN, Jumper JM. Hereditary Macular Dystrophies. In: Tasman W, Jaeger EA, eds. Clinical Ophthalmology, Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2005, 9:1-40.
  90. McDonald HRM, Johnson RN, Ai E, Jumper JM, Fu AD. Macular Epiretinal Membranes. In Ryan SJ, et al: Retina, 4th Edition, Elsevier. Limited, 2006;147:2509-2526.
  91. Johnson RN, McDonald HRM, Ai E, Jumper JM, Fu AD. Fluorescein Angiography Interpretation. In Ryan SJ, et al: Retina, 4th Edition, Elsevier Limited, 2006;51:873-886.
  92. Jumper JM, McDonald HRM, Johnson RN, Ai E, Fu AD. Serpiginous Choroiditis. In Ryan SJ, et al: Retina, 4th Edition, Elsevier Limited, 2006;105:1811-1820.
  93. Jumper JM, Fu AD, McDonald HR, Johnson RN, Ai E, In:  Alfaro III DV, Liggett PE, Mieler WF, Quiroz-Mercado H, Jager RD, Tano Y, eds. Age-related Macular Degeneration: A Comprehensive Textbook, Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2006;8:86-101.
  94. Goff MJ, McDonald HR, Johnson RN, Ai E, Jumper MJ, Fu AD. Causes and Treatment of Vitreous Hemorrhage. Compr Ophthalmol Update 2006;7:97-111.
  95. Yang SS, McDonald HR, Ai E, Johnson RN, Jumper JM, Fu AD. Retinal Damage Caused by Air-Fluid Exchange During Pars Plana Vitrectomy. Retina 2006;26:334-338.
  96. Goff MJ, Jumper JM, Yang SS, Fu AD, Johnson RN, McDonald HR, Ai E. Intravitreal Triamcinolone Acetonide Treatment of Macular Edema Associated with Central Retinal Vein Occlusion. Retina 2006;26:896-901.
  97. McDonald HR, Johnson RN, Ai E, Jumper JM, Fu, AD. Vitreoretinal Surgery for Idiopathic Epiretinal Membranes. In: Peyman GA, Meffert SA, Conway MD, eds. Vitreoretinal Surgical Techniques, London, England, 2007:325-336.
  98. Fu AD, McDonald HR, Williams DF, Cantrill HL, Ryan EH Jr, Johnson RN, Ai E, Jumper JM. Anticoagulation with Warfarin in Vitreoretinal Surgery. Retina 2007;27:290-295.
  99. Goff MJ, Johnson RN, McDonald HR, Ai E, Jumper JM, Fu A. Intravitreal Bevacizumab for Previously Treated Choroidal Neovascularization from Age-Related Macular Degeneration. Retina 2007;27:432-438.
  100. Mudvari SS, Goff MJ, Fu AD, McDonald HR, Johnson RN, Ai E, Jumper MJ. The Natural History of Pigment Epithelial Detachment Associated with Central Serous Chorioretinopathy. Retina 2007;27:1168-1173.
  101. Jumper MJ, McDonald HR, Johnson RN, Fu AD, Ai E. Diffuse Unilateral Subacute Neuroretinitis. In: Albert DM, Miller JW, Azar DT, Blodi BA, eds.  Albert Jakobiec’s Principles and Practice of Ophthalmology. Philadelphia: Elsevier, Inc, 2008:2135-2140.
  102. Goff MJ, McDonald HR, Ai E.  Photocoagulation for Diabetic Macular Edema and Diabetic Retinopathy. In: Scott IU, Flynn Jr, HW, Smiddy WE, eds. Diabetes and Ocular Disease. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010;183-206.
  103. Wender JD, Ai E. Tracking the Nematode. Review of Ophthalmology June, 2010.
  104. Roe RH, McDonald HR, Fu AD, Lahey JM, Wendel RT, Pearlman JA, Monahan PM, Jumper JM, Johnson RN, Ai E, Cunningham ET. Br J Ophthalmol 94:103:1033-1039, 2010.
  105. Johnson RN, Fu AD, HR McDonald HR, Jumper JM, Ai E, Cunningham Jr, ET, Lujan BJ. Fluorescein Angiography: Basic Principles and Interpretation. In: Ryan SJ, Sadda SR, Hinton DR, eds. Retina Fifth Edition, Volume I.  London: Elsevier, 2013;1;1-50.